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Comparison of Translation Modes
The table below shows how the three translation modes compare. This is done by showing a summary of the different modes used in the overall path from the operating system, through the BIOS, to the hard disk controller, to the physical drive platters:
Notice how in all three schemes the physical geometry is hidden within the hard disk itself. In the case of LBA, the logical geometry is presented to the BIOS only so it can be translated for use by the operating system; communication between the BIOS and the hard disk controller occur using the logical block address.
For modern drives that use Int13h extensions, only logical block addressing is used.