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The PC has a hierarchy, in a way, of different buses. Most modern PCs have at least four buses. I consider them a hierarchy because each bus is to some extent further removed from the processor; each one connects to the level above it, integrating the various parts of the PC together. Each one is also generally slower than the one above it (for the pretty obvious reason that the processor is the fastest device in a modern PC):
The system chipset is the conductor that controls this orchestra of communication, and makes sure that every device in the system is talking properly to every other one.
Some newer PCs actually use an additional "bus" that is specifically designed for graphics communications only. The word "bus" is in quotes because it isn't actually a bus, it's a port: the Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP). The distinction between a bus and port is that a bus is generally designed for multiple devices to share the medium, while a port is only for two devices.
Next: Data and Address Buses