Can ChatGPT answer multiple-choice questions?

Looking at the chatbot's answers


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In the past few years, a multitude of generative AI solutions have emerged. They have transformed the way we interact with technology and information online. While many generative AI solutions are available now, OpenAI’s ChatGPT stands tall as a frontrunner. Its prowess in understanding and generating human-like text seems far ahead of several other solutions. But among all its capabilities, one intriguing question is whether ChatGPT can answer multiple-choice questions.

Multiple-choice questions are a standard assessment format that many users need help with. Let’s find out if ChatGPT can answer multiple-choice questions.

Can ChatGPT Answer Multiple-Choice Questions?

The answer is a resounding yes. ChatGPT is adept at comprehending the context and nuances of MCQs, allowing it to provide accurate and contextually relevant right answers. By leveraging its extensive training on diverse textual data, ChatGPT can analyze the given options and select the most suitable response based on the information provided. This capability, thanks to the abilities of large language models like GPT-4, makes ChatGPT a versatile tool for educational purposes, test preparation, and information retrieval. It performs especially well on true/false questions.

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However, ChatGPT has some limitations you need to know before using it for answering multiple-choice questions. ChatGPT is trained in a diverse range of internet text up until September 2021. This includes websites, books, articles, and other text sources to develop a broad understanding of human language.

This means that while ChatGPT can give possible answers multiple-choice quiz questions, you cannot rely on its accuracy, especially when it comes to questions on data past September 2021. So if you ask ChatGPT to answer a multiple choice question on who is the current Prime Minister of France or similar questions, it will likely give an inaccurate answer. However, for many other questions, ChatGPT generally gives correct answers. Access to the internet effectively makes all exams an open book test for the chatbot – without any need for prior study.

Nonetheless, there may still be tell-tale signs an examination has been completed by AI. Although with multiple-choice answers it is hard to distinguish chatbots from humans, questions which require more creativity and greater analytical insight are usually better answered by humans, as studies by James Fern at the University of Bath show. In these, chatbots can make nonsensical errors and often struggle with getting a real-looking reference in paragraph-long answers or mathematical processes.

Beyond Answering: ChatGPT as a Multiple Choice Question Creator

The capabilities of ChatGPT extend beyond mere question-answering. It can also contribute to creating multiple-choice questions, demonstrating its potential of artificial intelligence to assist educators, content creators, and researchers. Simply input text instructions 

By generating well-structured multiple-choice questions, ChatGPT becomes a valuable asset in curriculum development, assessment design, and the creation of engaging learning materials. The AI chatbot’s ability to mimic human-like complex questions, while considering various levels of complexity, adds an extra dimension to its utility. Multiple question types can be created. This provides another means of testing real-life students’ abilities through creation of multiple-choice tests, without laborious work from teachers and professors. This is simple thanks to its fast access and processing of an entire corpus of internet content, and could revolutionize the teaching process.

Final thoughts

Chat GPT’s capabilities regarding multiple-choice test questions has come into the spotlight due to how recent studies revealed the AI bot outperformed medical students from the United States in a test on clinical reasoning skills – the ACG assessment, which gauges how you would do on the American Board of Internal Medicine exam. This posits questions on medical education and the future of students’ learning. The chatbot performed better in the case-report portion of the exam, although in other sections it showed false memories, with the adding-in of false details.

For now, it’s fun to see how ChatGPT’s clinical practice answers compare to that of students, but it also poses worries about future test-taking integrity of tomorrow’s doctors. 

Can ChatGPT answer multiple-choice questions? FAQs

Can I use ChatGPT for exams?

You can use ChatGPT for exams but cannot rely on its answers. Many experts have used ChatGPT for this and have concluded that the answers can be false and inaccurate. Moreover, universities can detect ChatGPT. Hence, it is best to avoid using it for exams.

Why does ChatGPT give different answers?

ChatGPT uses natural language processing for understanding and generating human-like text. Hence, even slight changes in the questions can make ChatGPT produce different answers.