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Can ChatGPT Answer Accounting Questions? Not really

Testing ChatGPT's Accounting Knowledge
Last Updated on December 5, 2023
Can ChatGPT answer accounting questions? Not really.
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“Can ChatGPT Answer Accounting Questions?” is a pressing question for many, from professionals to students. ChatGPT, an AI bot crafted by OpenAI, has showcased its prowess in diverse areas like education, real estate, and healthcare. However, when it comes to specialized domains like accounting, especially in addressing short answer and specific question types, its capabilities are still up for debate.

Lead study author David Wood has delved into the nuances of ChatGPT’s performance in the accounting realm. In this article, we’ll explore how well ChatGPT can handle accounting queries and its effectiveness in preparing individuals for accounting exams.

ChatGPT in Accounting: A Mixed Bag

The prowess of ChatGPT, a product of artificial intelligence, is undeniable. In the realm of accounting, this AI chatbot offers a myriad of potential applications. However, its effectiveness in answering intricate accounting questions remains a subject of debate. Let’s delve deeper.

The Broad Spectrum of Accounting

Accounting is a multifaceted domain, encompassing areas like financial accounting and managerial accounting. While professionals in the field possess extensive knowledge, the vastness of the subject means that even seasoned accountants might occasionally need assistance. ChatGPT, with its expansive database, can provide answers to a range of technical and tax-related queries. However, when it comes to complex short-answer questions or multiple-choice questions, the bot might not always hit the mark.

Streamlining Communication and Documentation

In the hustle and bustle of financial quarters, accountants often grapple with time constraints. Crafting detailed letters, responses, or even setting up accounting information systems can be time-consuming. Here, ChatGPT shines. It aids accountants in drafting communications for clients, generating contract templates, invoice structures, and even preliminary audit reports. This not only ensures efficiency but also enhances the learning process for budding accountants.

Coding and Data Analysis

The modern accountant isn’t just about ledgers and balance sheets. With the integration of technology in accounting, skills like Power BI formulas, DAX, and VBA coding have become invaluable. ChatGPT, especially the advanced GPT-4 version, can assist in writing these codes. Moreover, the bot is adept at analyzing financial data. It can sift through vast datasets, pinpointing trends, anomalies, and providing insights that might be overlooked by a human eye.

Educational Implications

For accounting students, ChatGPT can be a valuable tool. A study from Brigham Young University indicated that AI tools could perform at the 90th percentile in managerial assessments. While this doesn’t replace traditional learning, it signifies the potential of AI in educational institutions. ChatGPT can assist students in understanding complex topics, practicing math problems, and even preparing for exams.

While ChatGPT offers a plethora of benefits in the accounting sector, relying solely on it for intricate accounting queries might not be advisable. It serves best as a supplementary tool, enhancing efficiency and aiding in the learning process.

ChatGPT Limitations in Accounting: A Closer Look

While the ChatGPT artificial intelligence chatbot has made significant strides in natural language processing, its application in the accounting domain has revealed certain limitations.

Accuracy Concerns

ChatGPT’s answers, although sophisticated, are derived from its training data. This means that it might not always be updated with the latest accounting standards or practices. There have been instances where relying solely on ChatGPT’s information led to errors in financial reporting, such as data entry mistakes in the income statement. Such inaccuracies can lead to significant misunderstandings, especially when precision is paramount.

The BYU Study Findings

A study led by BYU professor of accounting, David Wood, and co-authored by Jessica Wood, highlighted some of these concerns. In their research, they found that while ChatGPT could answer assessment questions, its accuracy was sometimes below the student average. This is concerning, especially when considering the teaching process in educational institutions. The study indicated that ChatGPT’s score, in some cases, was riddled with nonsensical errors, which could mislead students or professionals relying on it.

Misleading References

Another limitation is ChatGPT’s tendency to generate real-looking references that might not exist. For someone in the accounting field, this can be problematic. A false reference can lead users to believe in a non-existent accounting principle or standard.

Final thoughts

In the realm of accounting, the question arises: Can ChatGPT Answer Accounting Questions? While ChatGPT is a marvel in natural language text generation and can provide a wealth of information, its application in the intricate world of accounting is not without challenges. The overall average of its responses, especially when compared to undergrad BYU students or textbook test bank questions, might not always hit the mark.

A Tool, Not a Replacement

ChatGPT’s descriptions and answers, though comprehensive, can sometimes lead to disruption in understanding, especially when they diverge from established accounting principles. It’s essential to remember that while the tool can assist with verbal test queries or provide insights, it might falter with complex mathematical processes or generate false questions. Relying solely on ChatGPT for accounting can be a fool’s errand.

The Human Touch

The eye-opening capabilities of ChatGPT are undeniable, and it can serve as a helpful resource in the accounting domain. However, it should not replace human reasoning and insight. It’s always advisable to use ChatGPT as a supplementary tool, cross-referencing its outputs with trusted sources, and ensuring accuracy in all accounting endeavors.


Will ChatGPT replace humans in Accounting?

No, it won’t. Though it can handle many tasks, it cannot replace human intelligence and judgment, which is vital in finance. Hence, the chances of it replacing humans are very slim.

While ChatGPT is helpful, fair, and safe, there is a possibility of error or misinformation in its responses. An evaluation of ChatGPT’s performance in accounting tests indicated that it scored less than 50% accurately. Hence, it is recommended to cross-check the answers before presenting them anywhere.

What kind of value-added information can ChatGPT provide for accounting?

ChatGPT can offer general insights and explanations on accounting concepts. However, for detailed or specific queries, it’s best to consult a professional or trusted source.

Can ChatGPT generate a real-looking reference for accounting topics?

Yes, ChatGPT can generate references that appear genuine. However, it’s crucial to verify any reference it provides against trusted sources to ensure accuracy.

Is ChatGPT reliable for answering multiple-choice questions in accounting?

ChatGPT might occasionally provide a wrong multiple-choice answer. It’s essential to cross-check its responses with trusted materials, especially for critical tasks.

Can I use ChatGPT to prepare for my AP exams in accounting?

While ChatGPT can assist with general knowledge, relying solely on it for AP exams might not be advisable. It’s best to use established study materials and textbooks for exam preparation.

How does ChatGPT handle basic math like a subtraction problem in accounting?

ChatGPT can generally handle basic math problems, including subtraction. However, for complex accounting calculations, it’s recommended to use specialized tools or software.

Does ChatGPT answer all question types equally well in accounting?

Not necessarily. ChatGPT might be better at answering some question types over others. For instance, it might excel in descriptive queries but struggle with the latter type of problem-solving questions.

Is ChatGPT’s information always up-to-date with the latest accounting standards?

ChatGPT provides information based on its training data. It’s essential to ensure that any guidance or answer aligns with the most recent accounting standards and practices.

Maria is a contributer to PC Guide, highly-interested in productivity and AI tools, and ensuring the inclusion of detailed product info and coverage across versus pieces.