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[ The PC Guide | Systems and Components Reference Guide | Hard Disk Drives | Hard Disk Performance, Quality and Reliability | Hard Disk Performance | Hard Disk Internal Performance Factors | Mechanical Design Factors ]

Spindle Motor Speed and Power

The spindle motor is one of the most important components in the hard disk, because its quality and power have a direct impact on many key performance and reliability concerns. It is discussed in detail in this section.

The drive's spindle speed affects both positioning and transfer performance and is thus one of the most important directly-quoted performance specifications unto itself; it is described in its own specification section. It affects positioning performance because it directly correlates to the latency of the drive (and in fact, is the only factor that affects the latency of regular hard disk drives). Latency, in turn, is an important component of access time, the specification that best correlates to overall positioning performance. Spindle speed affects transfer position because it is related to the drive's media transfer rate, which is the prime transfer performance specification.

Note: While spindle speed affects the media transfer rate, it is not proportional to it. The reason is that it is more difficult to read and write at very high linear densities when running at very high spindle speeds. This means that in some cases a drive running at 5400 RPM will have a higher areal density than a similar drive running at 7200 RPM. The transfer rate is still normally higher for the 7200 RPM drive, because the spindle speed is 33% higher and the linear areal density is usually only smaller by a factor of 10% or less (though this could change at any time; who knows what those engineers are up to! :^) )

The power of the spindle motor has an impact on the drive's spin-up speed, for obvious reasons. Also, since the spindle motor is the primary consumer of power in the hard disk, its design has the biggest impact on overall power consumption.   In some ways, slower drives have an advantage here; it takes longer to spin anything up to 10,000 RPM than to 5400 RPM (unless you use a correspondingly larger motor in the faster drive.)

Next: Data Recording and Encoding Factors

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