Studying for the A+, Network+ or Security+ exams? Get over 2,600 pages of FREE study guides at CertiGuide.com!
Join the PC homebuilding revolution! Read the all-new, FREE 200-page online guide: How to Build Your Own PC!
NOTE: Using robot software to mass-download the site degrades the server and is prohibited. See here for more.
Find The PC Guide helpful? Please consider a donation to The PC Guide Tip Jar. Visa/MC/Paypal accepted.
Take a virtual vacation any time at DesktopScenes.com - view my art photos online for FREE in either Flash or HTML!

[ The PC Guide | Systems and Components Reference Guide | Motherboard and System Devices ]

System Resources

This section takes a detailed look at the PC's system resources. In some ways, everything in a PC is a resource--system RAM, processor speed, hard disk space, etc. However, there are in particular several special resources in the system that are shared by the various devices that use it. These are not physical "parts" of the system for the most part, though they have hardware that implement them of course. Rather they are logical parts of the system that control how it works, and are referred to as the PC's system resources.

System resources are important because they must be shared by the various devices in your PC. This includes not only the motherboard and other main components, but also expansion devices, plug-in cards and peripherals. The resources are primarily used for communication and information transfer between these devices. For historical reasons, the amount of some of these resources is very limited, and as you add more peripherals to your system it can be difficult to find enough resources to satisfy all the requirements. This can lead to resource conflicts, which are one of the most common problems with configuring new PCs--and often one of the most difficult to diagnose and correct.

This section looks at each of the types of system resources found in your PC, along with the main hardware devices that control them or access to them. For each one, listings and tables are provided to show how the resources are usually allocated in a typical PC, as well as what resources are sometimes used by various peripherals. Note that I consider a (SoundBlaster or compatible) sound card as part of a basic PC today; they are in most machines now--and are notorious resource hogs as well. In addition, the important matter of resource conflicts is discussed, along with conflict resolution. Finally, Plug and Play is examined, the relatively new system designed to help make resource allocation easier and reduce conflicts automatically.

Note: The term "system resources" is also sometimes used to refer to special memory areas in various Windows operating systems. This is a different concept altogether, that just happens to use the same name.

Next: Interrupts (IRQs)


Home  -  Search  -  Topics  -  Up

The PC Guide (http://www.PCGuide.com)
Site Version: 2.2.0 - Version Date: April 17, 2001
Copyright 1997-2004 Charles M. Kozierok. All Rights Reserved.

Not responsible for any loss resulting from the use of this site.
Please read the Site Guide before using this material.
Custom Search